Alternative names : Accutane-oral, Roaccutan, Accutane, Isotretinoin, Amnesteem, Claravis, Sotret
Packaging : 30 tabs 10 mg oral
Dosage: The recommended dosage range for Accutane is 0.5 t
Accutane is a powerful drug used in the treatment of acne. Four to five months of I Sotret inoin treatment usually leads to clearing of acne for one year or more after the medicine is stopped. Most other acne-controlling medicines are antibacterial agents, which are effective only if the medicine is used daily. I Sotret inoin has significant side effects: (percentages are the ratio of people who received the side-effect)
Chapped lips 90% , dry skin and itching 80% - the use of daily alpha hydroxacids will help prevent this side effect. Dryness of nose, mild nosebleed 80%, Irritation of the eyelids and eyes 40% - Vitamin E 400 IU each day may lessen this side effect. Joint and muscle pains 15%, Temporary hair thinning 10%, Rash 7%, Intestinal symptoms 5%, Urinary symptoms 5%, Headache 5%, Increased sensitivity to sunburn 5%, Decreased night vision <1%, Depression, thoughts of suicide <1%
I Sotret inoin may increase the level of blood fats, sometimes to risky levels. Occasionally it may affect the liver. That\'s why regular blood tests are necessary when you are taking I Sotret inoin; these tests must be done when you have fasted for 12 hours (no breakfast), so that the blood fat determinations are reliable. A baseline blood chemistry test is established before patients start I Sotret inoin.
The most damaging side effect of I Sotret inoin is serious birth defects if taken during pregnancy.
It is critically important for women not to take I Sotret inoin while pregnant, and not to become pregnant while taking it. Women who are, or expect to be, sexually active while taking I Sotret inoin must use an effective method of birth control. This usually means oral contraceptive pills and one other additional method of birth control such as a condoms for the male partner. A woman who does get pregnant while on I Sotret inoin must be prepared to have an abortion and must state this in writing before many hysicians will prescribe I Sotret inoin for her. I Sotret inoin may cause birth defects as long as two months after it is stopped. After that time, it\'s safe to become pregnant. Because the birth defects caused by I Sotret inoin are so serious, it\'s important not to share the pills with others.We don\'t know whether I Sotret inoin taken by men can cause birth defects, so it\'s best not to get a woman pregnant while taking I Sotret inoin. If she is not using birth control, the man should use a condom.There are a few reports of patients having decreased night vision after using Accutane. One patient still had problems six months after the drug was stopped. If you experience trouble with your vision while on Accutane, call the office right away.
Some people develop headaches while on Accutane. If you develop a persistent headache while on Accutane, call your physician right away. A persistent headache, which will not go away while on Accutane, can be dangerous and you should stop the medication.
Accutane rarely causes depression and thoughts of suicide. If this were to occur stop the medicine immediately and call your physician.
How does I Sotret inoin work? I Sotret inoin decreases the amount of oil produced by the skin\'s sebaceous (oil) glands. It may be as long as two months before you see improvement in your skin. There\'s no medicine we can add to speed up I Sotret inoin\'s action. In fact, sometimes acne gets worse during the first month or so of treatment. Side effects, such as lip dryness, begin before the acne starts to clear.
How To Use I Sotret inoin:Take the medicine with food, you can take the entire daily dose with supper, this increases the absorption of the medicine.
Long-term Results: I Sotret inoin isn\'t a permanent cure for acne, although it often buys time until nature clears your skin. Your skin may stay clear for months, even years, after I Sotret inoin is stopped. In about one person in 10, acne comes back after one year. About one person in four has acne again after two years. If your acne returns, antibiotics may work, or you may be treated with I Sotret inoin again. The use of daily alpha hydroxyacids will help prevent small flare-ups after a course of Accutane.
Unblocking the openings of the sebaceous glands Accutane also suppresses the production of skin cells which block the openings to the sebaceous glands. As a result, the quantity of comedones, or blackheads, and milia, or whiteheads, is reduced. A decrease in comedones in turn causes a decrease in the development of suppurations, or pus-filled acne pimples, whose formation we seek to prevent.
Anti-inflammatory activity It has been found that Accutane decreases inflammation in laboratory trials, yet the clinical significance of this discovery remains unclear.
Accutane\'s side effects Accutane is particularly effective in mid-range severity cases of acne, which have not responded to treatments such as ointments or oral antibiotics. The most significant risk in taking Accutane is its potential for causing birth defects in the developing fetus of a pregnant acne patient. Because of this risk, female patients should take care not to conceive while using Accutane and for at least three months following the end of treatment.
How to get the most out of Accutane??
Attention female patients !!! Accutane has been proven to cause birth defects in developing fetuses. Due to this danger, it is absolutely prohibited to conceive during RoAccutane treatment and for at least three months thereafter. All female users of Accutane should use two birth control methods during this entire period.
All patients: All Accutane users should expect mild chapping of the lips, and occasionally peeling of the skin surrounding the fingernails. The chapping and or peeling will disappear by the end of the treatment. Relief from dry skin is available in the form of creams which the doctor will provide. In rare cases, dryness of the nose, slight hair loss, or impaired night vision is experienced, all of which disappear by the end of treatment. In still rarer cases, a change in liver function, an increase in fat production, or mood changes can occur. Inform your doctor of any kidney or liver disorders, high fat content in the blood, or depression in your family or medical history. A blood count should be performed before starting treatment, as well as once a month during treatment. The doctor should also be informed of any inordinate physical exertion undergone by the patient during Accutane treatment. Avoid taking any vitamin supplements, as well as over-exposure to the sun, while taking Accutane.
Side effects :
Dry skin, itching, nose bleeds, dry mouth and nose, dry eyes. Inflamed lips and irritated eyes. Muscle aches and pains. Nausea, vomiting, belly pain. If you are pregnant this medicine can cause birth defects, premature births, and death in babies. Serious mental problems such as depression.
Check out our complete list of SKIN CARE